Amotivational Syndrome

What is Amotivational Syndrome?

This is a mental condition linked with the weakened motivation to contribute in social circumstances and happenings, with gaps in unconcern caused by an outside condition, event, material or lack of, relationship or other cause. While many have denied that the continuing cannabis use develops this syndrome in certain users, studies that are empirical advocate that there is no such entity as “amotivational syndrome”, as such, but that continuing cannabis inebriation can lead to apathy and amotivation.


The symptoms and signs listed in various sources for Amotivational syndrome includes those listed below:

  • Reduced attentiveness
  • Reduce energy
  • Apathy
  • Reduced motivation
  • Desire to participate in social interactions is impaired
  • Reduce desire to compete
  • Introversion
  • Passivity
  • Lethargy
  • Reduced desire to work
  • Reduced concentration
  • Reduced desire to participate in meaningful activities


This syndrome, which is an assortment of visible concerns of heavy marijuana use including, lethargy, apathy, lowered intelligence, reduced concentration and an absence of desire to participate in significant activities of mobility that is upwards; has certainly not been confirmed clinically as real or factual.

Challengingly, the difficulties that are vital in verifying a casual link amid the usage of marijuana and such a collection of wide behavioral changes forbids a clinically obvious bond, and some users of marijuana, even smokers who are heavy, do not appear to show the typical qualities of the amotivational syndrome.

There is little doubt that most individuals who are young have transformed from clean, upwardly mobile, and aggressive self-starters into the type of individual just defined at around the identical time as when they became a smoker of marijuana. What is never conclusive, yet, is a contributory connection between the forfeiture of middle class incentives and cannabis. Which is first, the defeat of motivations or marijuana? This is not an easy situation to answer. Actually, there can be no clear answer. To start with, all we truly know about this amotivational syndrome is a consequence of only a few case histories. This data does not answer questions such as:

  1. Whether marijuana actually causes the behavior change
  2. How common the syndrome is or
  3. If the alteration is due to marijuana, is it best defined as a disparity in all motivations, precise motivations, or rather other than motivation, like aptitude or personality.

It doesn’t look as though this syndrome is that common amid marijuana smokers. One survey, a study group of approximately 2000 students in college was studied. There was not any change in grades and success between the nonusers and marijuana users, but the smokers had more struggle determining goals for a career, and a number that is smaller were seeking advanced degrees. On the one hand, there have been other studies that have shown averages that are lower in school and dropout rates that are higher amid users than nonusers. At any rate these changes are not abundant. If there is such a syndrome as amotivational its affects seem to be limited to only a small number of individuals possibly the very small percentage of those who turn out to be heavy users.

Lab studies offer added evidence on the causal association between marijuana and motivation. The Mendelson experiment where volunteers were hospitalized and worked on operational assignments to make money as well as earn marijuana for a period of 26 days, established that the amount of marijuana that was smoked had no influence on the quantity of work accomplished by both the group of casual-users or the group of heavy-users; all stayed inspired to earn and went home with a considerable sum of money in addition to the work they do for the marijuana and had no effect on loss of motivation.

While marijuana doesn’t precisely reduce motivation, it seems clear that the effects of cannabis disturbs memory and attention and these are intellectual capacities usually deliberated as essential for success in institutions of education. We recognize that a substantial tolerance develops to these effects and they may be stifled willingly at low doses, but smoking consistent higher amounts of marijuana essentially obstructs an academic career being successful. Actually, motivation for achievement must be highly defined in any individual who linked high amounts of cannabis use with an academic career that was prosperous.

Since the majority of reports of amotivational syndrome initiated during the sixties in North America, they seem to define an inclination for students in college to ‘drop out’ and undertake a way of life that castoffs traditional motivations of achievement of the generation of their parents. In an effort to comprehend this rejection it was quite easy to be certain that it was pharmacological and to dismiss it as being ‘amotivational syndrome’.



For a user to stay totally free of drugs, follow up-treatment, with psychiatric help and using community resources is critical. Changes in life-style for instances avoiding places, people and anything linked to the use of cannabis needs to be encouraged.

The early psychosocial treatment needs to stress the confrontation of denial, learning the disease perception of addictions, promoting an identity as a person in recovery, recognizing of the negative concerns of cannabis abuse, avoiding intrapsychic and situational signs that bring on cravings, and designing of support plans.

Drug tests with urine should be used to ensure there is compliance.

Educating individuals on the amotivational syndrome and other difficulties of abuse of cannabis can discourage many from the use of cannabis. Often the patients do not completely understand the full range of his own amotivational syndrome pending stopping the use of the drug and seeing the signs of improvement.

It is possible that there are some heavy users of cannabis, like any other heavy drug users, suffering from depression, chronic anxiety, or feelings of inadequacy. With these cases, the abuse of drugs is a symptom rather than the problem that is central. These cases may benefit from psychoanalysis.

Psychoanalysis is very helpful when focused on the explanations behind the patient’s drug abuse. The abuse of drugs itself (past, present and future concerns) – must be given strong prominence. Including a cooperative and interested spouse or parent in conjoint therapy is usually very beneficial.

With the adolescent, dependence on cannabis often is hiding depression, poor self-esteem, severe family problems, as well as learning problems. These matters need to be talked about in therapy. Usually, a nonjudgmental, steady, honest and strong attitude is required with adolescence.

Behavior therapy helps the user of cannabis learn other methods of reducing anxiety. Relaxation training, self-control skills, training in assertiveness, and new tactics to control the situation are stressed.

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